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Large Bore Sediment Corer
- Collection of undisturbed, large diameter sediment cores
- Pore water geochemistry of marine and freshwater sediments
- Sediment oxygen demand studies in marine and fresh water sediments
- Benthal carbon (methane) and nitrogen (ammonia) diagenesis experiments in anaerobic sediments of lakes and streams
Large Bore Sediment Sampler Unit Includes:
- polyethylene and stainless steel core head
- one-way check valve and ball valve vacuum release
- stainless steel hoseclamp and hex-driver
- two, 1.0 m aluminum extension rods
- includes stainless steel coupling nuts
- polycarbonate or PVC core tube (50 cm length; 9.5 or 14.5 I.D. 4 mm wall)
- polyethylene end caps
Large Bore Sediment Corer
- computer made one-way check valve
- 10 cm diameter core barrel capacity (clear polycarbonate 3 3/4"id x 4"od)
- 7/8" female coupling nut
- T-handle and Nut Driver
- Complete Unit: $675
- Aluminum Holobar Extension Rods 40 mm diameter aircraft aluminum holobar construction, 7/8”- 9NC stainless steel threaded couplers, wrench flats (to aid uncoupling), lightweight, super rigid and they float! A typical sampler can be easily deployed in 20 + meters of water.
Available in two (2) lengths: 1.2 ($135 each) and 2.4 m ($185 each)
- Bronze Gravity Weights: Bronze holobar construction, 3 cm cmid x 10 cmod x 3 kg each, stacked on threaded lifting eye assembly as short corer or stacked on slide hammer assembly head
Complete $131 each
- Percussion Hammer Assembly: Hammer can be used when diving, atop extension rod string or remotely operated by lifting and dropping weight with small diameter line, bronze holobar construction, 3 cm cmid x 7 cmod x 3 kg, 90 cm long threaded rod x 7/8” diameter, hammer lifting eye.
- Polycarbonate Core Barrels: Virtually indestructible, proven to collect quality LARGE VOLUME (71 ml/cm) samples with minimal sample loss: 3 3/4” (95mmid) x 4” (100 mmod), thin walled barrels with chamfered (sharpened) ends, poly end caps.
Plain barrel: 60 cm ($121 each) 1.2 m ($193 each)
Drilled/tapped/plugged x 1.0 cm intervals: 60 cm ($165 ea.), 1.2 m ($189 ea.)
- Core extruding plugs are used in conjunction with incremental core extruding apparatus, 95 mmod with double “O”-ring
Complete $31 each
Pore Water Squeezing Rack
- MechAccepts 95 mmid x 100 mmod x 60 cm long clear polycarbonate barrels polyethylene and stainless steel construction
- Two (2) adjustable piston assemblies x 95 mmod
- Threaded rod x 40 cm long
- SS hardware
- Complete $751
Large Bore Incremental Core Extruding Apparatus
- Incremental extrusion/sectioning of LARGE BORE core samples 5 or 10 mm
- Barrel capacity: 95 mm x 100 mm x 60 cm long
- Adjustable bushing set, extruding rod, footpad, threaded "stop" plate, base plate
- 6 each x 1 cm thick spacer plates
- Core extruding funnel
- Complete $495
Coring Tips and Direction for Use
- How it Works… The Large Bore Corer was designed to collect short undisturbed cores of the mud water interface. The corer head drives clear polycarbonate core barrels (3 3/4” ID x 4” OD) to a maximum sediment depth of 1.2 meters. The brass check valve was specially designed to allow water and mud to free flush through the core head/barrel with minimal sample disturbance. After the core barrel is pushed into the sediments (see methods below), the sampler is hoisted upwards, the check valve seats, and a partial vacuum is created to hold the sample inside the core barrel. Since the assembly does not require core catchers, it is necessary to “Plug or Cap” the end of the Core Barrel before it is lifted into the air. Otherwise, you may lose all or part of a sample. With the Extruding Plug in place, double seal the ends of the barrel with Poly End Caps. The Core Extruding Plugs can be used with or without “O” rings depending on the nature of the investigation and sediment type. The core barrel is now ready for transport and prepared for the extruding or squeezing process with (optional) Core Extruding Apparatus and Large Bore Squeezing Rack.
- Attaching the Barrel…The core barrel is easily attached and removed from the core head by loosening/tightening the Band Clamp. Insert the Core Barrel approximately 10 and push downward on the barrel to ensure the edge of the barrel is sealed against the “O”-ring inside the core head. Use the Hex Driver to tighten the band clamp. If you don’t secure the band clamps you will fail to collect a sample (lack of vacuum seal) and risk losing the Core Barrel entirely.
- Methods for Deployment… The Large Bore Core Head is easy to use and can be deployed in many ways. A stable work platform is required for any coring operation. Ice cover is the best working option, but many are successful on a well-anchored raft or pontoon. Before deploying the sampler, be sure to tie off the end of the lowering line to the platform to prevent inadvertent loss of sampler. Below, please find some common deployment techniques.
- 1. “T”-HANDLE: The corer can be deployed in shallow water or as a diver with the “T”-Handle. Secure the “T” Handle to the core head securely. An optional Percussion Slide Hammer Assembly can be mounted atop the handle and aid in driving (retrieving) the corer into sediments.
- 2. EXTENSION RODS: Aluminum Holobar Extension Rods are available (1.2 and 2.4 meter lengths) to deploy the sampler in shallow water to a maximum depth of 20 meters. Securely tighten the stainless steel couplers between before deployment. This method allows good “communication” between the operator and the core head. It allows one to measure how far the corer has been pushed vs. how much mud has been collected. This is an important measurement in determining any “core shortening” that may be occurring. The “T” Handle and (optional) Percussion Slide Hammer Assembly can be mounted atop the extension rods and aid in driving (and retrieving) the corer.
- 3. GRAVITY WEIGHTS: The sampler can be deployed in deep water with Gravity Weights. The number of Gravity Weights needed depends on the target depth and the type of sediments encountered. A maximum of four (4) weights can be added to the core head. For collecting short cores of mud water interface, use the “Short Corer Adapter Rod” to allow easy/ergonomic use of a single Gravity Weight. The use of more than one Gravity weight will require the use of the Percussion Slide Hammer Assembly. Tie the sampler to strong non-stretch wire or rope (with minimum test strength X 500 pounds) to the Lifting Eye. Determine the depth of water and slowly lower the end of the core barrel to mud water interface. Do not allow the corer to freefall through the water column since it will not penetrate properly and your sampling effort will probably fail. Allow the sampler to gently enter the sediments until the lowering line slightly “slacks”. Gently pull upwards on core head with care not to “shock” the Lowering Line and quickly reel in the sampler. Seal the end of the barrel with a Core Extruding Plug or Poly End Cap before lifting into air.
- 4. PERCUSSION SLIDE HAMMER ASSEMBLY: The 90 cm long Slide Hammer Rod allows one to add both Gravity and Slide Hammer Weights when attempting to collect long a core in deep water. The Lifting Eye should be fully secured at the core head and the line/wire before deployment.
The assembly can hold a maximum four (4) Gravity weight and the Percussion Hammer for a maximum weight of approximately 60 pounds. Tie the sampler to strong non-stretch wire or rope (with minimum test strength X 500 pounds) to the Lifting Eye. Determine the depth of water and slowly lower the end of the core barrel to mud water interface. Do not allow the corer to freefall through the water column since it will not penetrate properly and your sampling effort will probably fail. Allow the sampler to gently enter the sediments until the lowering line slightly “slacks”. On a separate line attached to percussion hammer lifting eye, gently pull upward on the percussion hammer. Allow the hammer to drop and measure your deployment progress on your Lowering Line. The Corer should be stabilized by the Lowering Line, but allowed to slack when slide hammer strikes the core head. It is very effective (and minimizes sample disturbance) to hammer in short 15 to 20 cm long strokes. Gently pull upwards on core head with care not to “shock” the Lowering Line and quickly reel in the sampler. Seal the end of the barrel with a Core Extruding Plug or Poly End Cap before lifting into air. This method requires some time and effort to master, but produces good quality samples in deep waters.
Large Bore Barrel Squeezing Rack